Levels of services
Services for children are provided at three service levels according to the Prosperity Act. It is good to keep in mind that the services the child receives are on different levels, the child's case as such is not divided into levels. This way, children are able to receive services at more than one service level simultaneously.
Primary-level services are accessible to all children and include well-child care and schools for every age. Primary-level services are very important for children's prosperity, and by intervening early we can prevent various challenges later.
An example of a good primary-level service is emphasising preventative measures, actions against bullying and violence, and utilising methods that support a positive school atmosphere.
Primary-level services also include individualised and early support in the interest of a child's prosperity, addressed to children facing relatively mild challenges. Provisions preventing the acceleration of a certain challenge are also addressed at the primary level. Examples include a child's learning disabilities or behavioural challenges, the consequences of bullying and other trauma, or health challenges fitting within the primary level.
On the secondary level of services, individual and more targeted support, than on the primary level, is provided. To ensure a child's prosperity, the resources are more specialised. Secondary-level services are provided when primary-level services are insufficient or have not had the intended results.
The need for services at different levels may arise, for example, from health, social or educational conditions. Examples include special departments in schools or individualised career paths and various support services provided by social services and school services.
At the tertiary stage, even more specialised support is provided to ensure that a child's prosperity is not jeopardised. A child receiving services at this level usually faces complex and multifaceted challenges and is in elevated need for care. The child is in a situation where the lack of appropriate support and resources could have serious consequences and threaten their health and development. These include, for example, placement options based on the Child Protection Act, extensive and multi-faceted support for children with disabilities and long-term hospital stays.
The goal is that as many children as possible receive appropriate services at the primary level and that services at that level are sufficient so that fewer children develop a need for the more extensive services provided at the secondary and tertiary levels.